As the 10th most populous city of Iran, Kerman is home to numerous historical mosques and Zoroastrian fire temples.Because of its proximity to Lut Desert, Kerman has hot summers and winters with very cold night temperatures. Some of Kerman’s surrounding mountains are snow-topped all year round.
Based on the remains of several Sassanid (224-651 CE) structures namely Ardashir Castle and Dokhtar Castle, which are believed to have been temple dedicated to the Persian water Goddess Anahita, it is believed that Ardashir I the Unifier, the founder of the Sassanid empire, has been built this city as a military outpost named Gavashir. Ardashir I is said to have turned Kerman into a flourishing city and made his son its governor.
Kerman has a number of attractions including the extravagant Qajar era Ghaffari and Aminian Houses, the Seljuq era Malek Mosque, the Muzaffarid era Jame Mosque, the Harandi Garden, the Moshtaqieh Dome and a Pahlavi era Fire Temple. Perhaps the most famous of Kerman’s attractions is the Ganjali Khan Complex next to the Kerman Grand Bazaar. This Safavid era complex consists of a square, bazaar, bathhouse, mosque, Ab-Anbar (water reservoir), mint and a monument.