As the Capital of Luristan Province, Khorramabad is located among the valleys of the Zagros Mountain range and as the roads connecting Tehran to Khuzestan pass through it, it is considered a strategic city. Khorramabad has Mediterranean Climate and experiences hot, low humidity summers and cold, wet winters. The city has one of the highest levels of annual rainfall in Iran, particularly in the spring and winter.
The history of the city dates back to the Elamite era when it was named Khaidalou. The Sassanids founded a city named Shapur-Khast on the ruins of Khaidalou and Shapur I has built a fortress there, which is known today as Falak-ol-Aflak Castle.Gerdab Sangi, a manmade pond built from stone and Sarooj (mix of lime and clay) mortar, and the Shapuri (Shapouri) Bridge are two of the structures which have survived from Sassanid times.Over the Mongols attack, the city of Shapur Khast was mostly destroyed and then, the current city of Khorramabad, which means the green city, was founded in the 13th century.
Khorramabad has several historical attractions such as the Seljuq era Khorramabad Inscription, which is a government decree in Kufic and Persian script, the Akhound Abu House where the Chief Justice of the city once lived, heard cases and settled disputes and the 30-meter Brick Minaret which was once used to guide caravans and as a watchtower to protect the city.
Khorramabad is famed for its lush landscape from scenic waterfalls and green valleys to forests, rivers, and natural springs. One of the most famous natural attractions of the city is the 48-meter Bisheh Waterfall, which is surrounded by oak trees.